Anthony Ruys is the former chairman of the executive board of Heineken N.V. He holds a degree in commercial law from the University of Utrecht and a Master's degree from Harvard Business School. He was appointed an Officer of the Order of Orange-Nassau by the Dutch government in 2005. Mr. Ruys commenced his career at Unilever in 1974. During his tenure at Unilever, he served at various senior positions, including that of marketing director and chairman of various subsidiary companies in the Netherlands, Colombia and Italy. In 1993, he joined Heineken as a member of its executive board, became vice chairman in 1996 and chairman in 2002 and remained in that position until 2005. Mr. Ruys has served as a non-executive chairman of the board of the Schiphol Group until April 2015, and he has served as a non-executive board member of ABN AMRO N.V., BAT plc (UK), ITC plc (India) and Lottomatica Spa (Italy). Currently, Mr. Ruys holds non-executive positions at Janivo Holding, Stichting Codart and Stichting Beelden aan Zee.